Making the case for Institutional Demand: Supporting smallholders through procurement and food assistance programmes
This paper focuses on the rationale for supporting market interventions for smallholders through what we call Institutional Demand. Institutional Demand consists of different interventions that target procurement from smallholder farmers and distribute their surplus to vulnerable populations. This policy intervention links the goals of both agricultural development and social protection through three key areas: price stabilization; income generation and; food security. We argue that Institutional Demand should be a key policy intervention as it can directly address both rural poverty and malnutrition. It does this by linking the productive capacity of smallholder farmers with populations living in situations of food insecurity. Impact evaluations and assessments of Institutional Demand programmes are limited in scope and depth. Therefore, while this paper outlines much of the evidence thus far, the primary purpose of this paper is to push forward a new research agenda that looks at the ways in which Institutional Demand can promote policy synergies between the goals of social protection and agricultural development. The issues outlined in this paper present fruitful areas for more qualitative and quantitative assessments of Institutional Demand programmes.
In this paper, authors aim to push forward a new research agenda that looks at how Institutional Demand can help produce linkages between the goals of social protection and agricultural development. The issues outlined in this paper present fruitful areas for more qualitative and quantitative assessments of Institutional Demand programmes. They start by making a rationale organized around three key areas where they see the most promise and highest impact: income generation; price stabilization and food security. Following the rational, authors then outline some of the key issues associated with the design and implementation of Institutional Demand programmes illuminated with some examples. The idea here is to present some preliminary obstacles and effects together with different ways these problems have been dealt with in a few examples. The paper ends by summarizing the most promising synergies between Institutional Demand and social protection as well as some concluding thoughts on the importance of further research.