State of Play for Circular Built Environment in Asia

Type of document: Scientific, technical, research

Three words that characterise the Asian region are diversity, disparity and rapid transformation. Diversity in material resources, geo-climatic contexts and cultural traditions is reflected in its variety of very rich construction practices and traditions.

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Three words that characterise the Asian region are diversity, disparity and rapid transformation. Diversity in material resources, geo-climatic contexts and cultural traditions is reflected in its variety of very rich construction practices and traditions. Wide socio-economic disparities exist within and across countries of the region reflected in consumption levels, living standards and per capita material and carbon footprints with over 30% of the Asian population living in extremely derelict housing and infrastructure conditions. The Asian region is the fastest urbanising region in the world with associated trends of increasing material and energy intensity in building construction. The nature of urbanisation in the region focus largely on green-field growth. The building sector is also among the largest contributor of GHG emissions that result from fossil fuels used in the production, use and end of life phases of a building. Most countries in Asia have rich deposits of minerals, including coal and iron ore that are mined for industrial applications and power production.