Under the Global Initiative for Resource Efficient Cities, UNEP conducted a Global City Survey, to assess how local leaders and city practitioners perceive resource efficiency. It looked into the needs of cities and how the resource efficiency approach can address existing city priorities. This document summarizes the main findings of the Global Survey.
Under the Global Initiative for Resource Efficient Cities, UNEP conducted a Global City Survey, to assess city level perceptions of and approaches to resource efficiency and to better understand and addresses differentiated needs of cities. This info graphic highlights the main key figures from the Global Survey.
The handbook aims to help raise awareness among local stakeholders regarding climate finance and its potential in the built environment, given the important role that this sector has to play in climate change mitigation. It also aims to help local governments to use climate finance mechanisms as an opportunity to increase the energy performance of their district whilst creating additional revenue, improve resource efficiency and support their wider climate strategies.
This publication is part of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) pilot project on institutional strengthening of Education for Sustainable Consumption (ESC) – Advancing ESC policy and implementation strategies; a pilot project implemented in Chile, Indonesia and Tanzania (2011-14). This project was implemented by the UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE), in collaboration with the UNEP Regional Office for Africa, with the financial support of the Italian Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea, as well as the UN Development Assistance Plan (UNDAP), Tanzania. This publication was developed in close collaboration with key national and international partners including Tanzania's Ministry of Education and Vocational Training (MoEVT) as well as the Partnership for Education and Research about Responsible Living (PERL).
The objectives of these guidelines are to:
• Enable Tanzania to better understand the principles of ESC;
• Assist in strengthening ESC techniques and teaching methods that incorporate sustainable consumption and lifestyle choices; and
• Promote and encourage ESC based on existing pedagogical techniques.
These guidelines highlight the philosophy of ESC based on pedagogical techniques, which are participatory, inclusive, contextualized and flexible.
The technique deviates from traditional teaching techniques and suggests engaging learners where experience, reflection, critical analysis, tolerance,
cooperation, compassion and respect are highly encouraged. These guidelines aim to contribute to shaping Tanzania's basic education system into one that promotes attitudes and behaviour that are geared towards a culture of sustainability.
These ESC guidelines have been developed based on the importance, critical contexts and necessity of enhancing education system as a backbone of consumer education, civic training and responsibilities and environmental education for better resource use, management and conservation. The guidelines highlight modalities of achieving ESC in Tanzania by focusing on research areas and optimizing the opportunities that benefit the country. Also, it identifies the current ESC topics and gaps in basic education systems for changing consumption and lifestyles and recommends approaches for overcoming the gaps and maximizing the opportunities.
This publication, which will be available in Swahili in late 2015, is a contribution to the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production, in particular, the Sustainable Lifestyles and Education Programme.
Webinar presentation on Climate Finance for Cities and Buildings and Climate-related mechanisms to support Sustainable Public Procurement
On Friday 12 June 2015, the first joint webinar was co-organized by the 10YFP Sustainable Public Procurement and the Sustainable Buildings and Construction programmes along with the Global Initiative for Resource-Efficient Cities. This webinar, entitled "Climate finance for cities and buildings and Climate-related mechanisms to support sustainable public procurement (SPP)" , was hosted by UNEP DTIE.
It gathered speakers from diverse backgrounds - the Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings of the US General Services Administration, the Ministry of the Environment of Finland and the NGO "ENERGIES 2050", the main author of the report entitled “ Climate Finance for Cities and Buildings: A Handbook for Local Governments ”, released by UNEP in 2014.
This document compiles all information presented during the webinar.
This handbook is designed to assist policymakers in developing, implementing, monitoring and evaluating policies that support the transition towards SCP. It includes numerous case studies highlighting SCP opportunities and existing successful initiatives from across the world. Part A provides an introduction to the fundamentals of SCP and follows SCP through the policy cycle. Part B details specific thematic opportunities for SCP policy development including cleaner and safer production, sustainable lifestyles, sustainable cities, sustainable public procurement and sustainable tourism.
The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA) has conducted a survey with the aim of periodically monitoring how government agencies, municipalities, county councils and government companies are working to establish environmental
requirements in connection with the purchasing of goods and services.
The purpose of this document is to assist Member States in identifying potential indicators for targets proposed under SDG 12 (“Ensure Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns”) and for related targets in twelve of the other proposed SDGs. This discussion paper aims to contribute to the development of an integrated, science-based set of indicators to monitor progress towards sustainable consumption and production (SCP) patterns which support achievement of the SDGs. The paper highlights a number of potential indicators which can serve for different goals and targets and which thus contribute to making the targets more actionable and transformative, by promoting an integrated approach to shifting towards SCP patterns and achieving the SDGs.
Product-service systems (PSS) are an innovative business approach that shifts the traditional business focus from selling physical products only (e.g. a washing machine) to selling a mix of products and services (e.g. cleaning services) that are jointly capable of meeting specific client demand (clean clothes). The key idea behind PSS is that consumers do not demand products per se, but are seeking the utility provided by products and services. One value-added of PSS lies in their potential to decouple consumption from economic growth, as they offer the possibility of meeting more needs with lower material and energy requirements.
This technical report examines the nexus between product-service systems and sustainable public procurement, drawing together international experience. The aim of this report is, in particular, to demonstrate how product-service systems can be used by governments in the context of sustainable public procurement (SPP) policies and initiatives, thus contributing to a more resource-efficient, low-carbon and inclusive green economy. Some examples of the use of product-service systems by government organizations are given in the case studies in Annex I.
This technical report was produced by working group 3A of the 10YFP SPP Programme.
This report contains the findings of an investigation into the national government SPP/GPP policies and practices around the world. The policies, programmes, drivers, barriers, needs and opportunities in SPP/GPP are examined, based on an analysis of recent literature and online resources, and interviews with 20 leading experts on SPP/GPP. Six case studies that delve deeper into particular countries' recent experiences with SPP/GPP accompany the report. The result is a global view that considers the challenges and opportunities for SPP/GPP in different governmental, regulatory and socio-economic contexts, and highlights the evolution of SPP/GPP in recent years.
The report has two objectives — to provide a qualitative overview of the drivers, challenges and trends in SPP/GPP, and to articulate a framework for subsequent quantitative data gathering.
The SPP impact study is a joint project of UNEP and of the Swiss-led Marrakech Task Force on SPP. The study aims at demonstrating the benefits of sustainable public procurement on developing, developed and in transition countries. It also seeks to initiate a methodology to quantify the sustainable
development and market impacts of SPP activities: increased availability of sustainable goods and
services, strengthening of productive capacities and export capacities, employment creation, improved labor conditions, reduced energy and water consumption, reduced GHG emissions, increased competitiveness of green industries, uptake of green technologies, more efficient use of natural resources, etc.
The UNEP “Responsible Food Purchasing – Four steps towards sustainability for the hospitality sector” – a guidance document to assist businesses within the hospitality sector – such as hotels, restaurants, cafes and catering companies - in adopting responsible food purchasing practices. The guidance document provides food purchasers like business owners, chefs, food purchasing managers and procurement planners with practical tools, numerous case studies, valuable information and reference resources while explaining the role and benefits of responsible food purchasing in the development of a sustainable hospitality sector. Responsible Food Purchasing was jointly developed by UNEP's Tourism & Environment Programme and Public Procurement Programme.
Baseline Review Report: Measuring and Communicating the Benefits of Sustainable Public Procurement (SPP)
This baseline review is intended to inform an ongoing project sponsored by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in the framework of the 10YFP SPP Programme.
As one of several activities under the 10YFP SPP programme, this project is supported by the “2B: Measurement and Communication of Sustainable Public Procurement Benefits” working group. The hypothesis driving the 2B working group is: SPP practices will increase if there is a reliable way of measuring and communicating the sustainability benefits of SPP programmes.
The goal of the project is to lay a solid foundation for measuring SPP benefits.
The Sustainable Purchasing Leadership Council (SPLC) and Industrial Economics, Inc. (IEc) are leading this project, with support from the UNEP 10YFP Programme Secretariat and the Korea Environmental Industry & Technology Institute (KEITI).
The goal of the baseline review presented in this report is to:
1. Review the existing methodologies and literature on measuring SPP benefits that could be applied to the current project.
2. Identify the major gaps and inconsistencies in the existing approaches.
3. Enable a baseline understanding for the community of professionals working on SPP of the existing approaches for measuring SPP benefits and the gaps that need to be filled to advance the field.
The Baseline Report incorporates comments and suggestions received from working group 2B members, 10YFP Secretariat, SPLC staff, working group 2A leaders, and from the participants of the in-person workshop “Measuring and Communicating the Benefits of Sustainable Public Procurement” organized on January 14, 2015 in Washington, DC.
Given the importance of government intervention in establishing sustainable national economies, we set out on
a journey to identify best practices by analysing government initiatives worldwide. We examined governments
that are: using their powers to shape circular market conditions at a national level; creating the right conditions
for change; outlining ambitious plans; choosing to fund and coordinate various initiatives by companies and
individuals; or adopting the circular economy via their own large organisations and supply chains.
This publication is meant to inspire governments worldwide by informing them of what works and what is
As far as we know, this is the first survey of government best practices accelerating the circular economy. Together
with our partners, Accenture, EY, IMSA, Royal HaskoningDHV and their global networks, we have identified over
30 case studies that are available on the website govsgocircular.com. We invite all governments to find inspiration
here, contribute success stories and help promote the transition towards circularity.
The purpose of this stocktaking report is to contribute to the overall development of the Sustainable Lifestyles and Education Programme of the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production (10YFP) by delivering a better understanding of the complex relations between lifestyles and sustainability, briefly explaining the relevant role of research, policy development, education and civic action as fundamental tools to enable, strengthen and safeguard sustainable lifestyles, and identifying regional, sub regional, national and local initiatives and actions that indicate a shift towards more sustainable lifestyles or the safeguarding of sustainable traditional knowledge and cultural practices.
- presents the concept of sustainable lifestyles as understood today;
- identifies common lifestyles issues and differences between regions; and
- presents examples of the trends and innovations that are in place to address them, placing a special focus on education.
This report will consider how transformative learning and change towards sustainable lifestyles can be accelerated and enhanced through the initiatives of the Sustainable Lifestyles and Education Programme.
This report was prepared by contributors from:
- The Partnership for Education and Research about Responsible Living (PERL) namely Victoria Thoresen, Robert Didham, Carme Martinez-Roca, Luis Flores Mimica, Cathy Rutivi and Sevgi Kalkan;
- with the support of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), including Fabienne Pierre (Programme Officer), Garrette Clark (Programme Officer), Khairoon Abbas (Consultant) and Helene Cruypenninck (former Consultant).
As part of the Chinese and KEITI funded project "Strengthening the capacities and improving the knowledge on Green Public Procurement and Eco-Labelling in the ASEAN+3 region", UNEP will host 2 webinars over the course of 2015 with the intention of increasing knowledge sharing and capacity building within the ASEAN+3 region.
The first webinar took place on 12 March 2015. Specific objectives of this webinar were to report on events and activities relevant to ASEAN+3 GPPEL network members, to share members' work and experiences, and to announce upcoming activities related to SPP/GPP and/or Ecolabelling in the ASEAN+3 region.
This workshop informs an ongoing project sponsored by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in the framework of the 10YFP SPP Programme led by UNEP. As one of several activities under the 10YFP SPP program, this project is supported by the “2B: Measurement and Communication of Sustainable Public Procurement Benefits” working group. The hypothesis driving the 2B working group is:
SPP practices will increase if there is a reliable way of measuring and communicating the sustainability benefits of SPP programmes.
The goal of the 2B project is to lay a solid foundation for measuring SPP benefits by:
1. Investigating and comparing existing methodologies and impact calculation techniques.
2. Further developing a benefits framework and methodology.
3. Receiving expert input and review on that framework and methodology.
4. Testing the approach with pilot organizations and real data.
5. Providing guidance to organizations implementing SPP.
6. Growing and diversifying the community of individuals and organizations actively working on SPP benefits measurement.
The Sustainable Purchasing Leadership Council (SPLC) and Industrial Economics, Inc. (IEc) are leading this project, with support from the UNEP and the 10YFP SPP Programme Secretariat.
The Principles of SPP assist countries and organizations in gaining a common understanding of sustainable public procurement.
These principles are based on the systematic step-by-step approach to introduce or further develop SPP which was developed by the Marrakech Task Force on Sustainable Public Procurement (MTF on SPP).
The principles reflect components needed for successful implementation of SPP.
UNEP's ”Sustainable Public Procurement Implementation Guidelines“ (2012) provide advice on steps to transform these principles into SPP practice, based on practical experience in applying the MTF on SPP approach in a number of countries.
These principles are for any stakeholder involved in the public procurement process with an interest in sustainable public procurement and good governance. Partners in the 10YFP SPP Programme recommend that countries and organizations apply these principles when developing or updating their own legal frameworks and any relevant international and national commitments made by their country.
Partners in the 10YFP SPP Programme also recommend that countries and organizations include these principles in their respective procurement policies and frameworks and apply them in their purchasing practices.
Indoor air quality, thermal comfort and daylight - An analysis of residential building regulations in 8 Member States
This report about indoor air quality (IAQ), thermal comfort and daylight requirements in selected Member States addresses a range of topics increasingly important for European buildings and their inhabitants.
The overall aim of the report is to provide an overview of the regulatory framework for IAQ, thermal comfort and daylight, and to highlight the importance of having appropriate requirements for thermal comfort, ventilation and daylight conditions. The report provides concluding recommendations for further policy development relevant for indoor climate.
The assessment focuses on the respective building codes for new and existing residential buildings in selected MS: Belgium (Brussels Region), Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Sweden and the UK (England and Wales).
A critical and comparative evaluation is provided whilst best practice approaches are highlighted.
Between 30 to 50% of excess winter deaths can be attributed to cold indoor temperatures, demonstrating the importance of thermal comfort and its link to fuel poverty. Key aspects to ensure good conditions for building occupants include thermal comfort, indoor air quality and daylight. Despite these links, the requirements for indoor air quality and thermal comfort are not comprehensive and clear enough in the eight surveyed countries. BPIE identified gaps in regulation to ensure that European citizens live in highly efficient, healthy, comfortable and well lit buildings. Considering that people spend 60 to 90% of their life in buildings, the subject should get a prominent space in legislation.
At the EU level, while indoor climate is mentioned in the EPBD, the importance of indoor air quality, thermal comfort and daylight has to be strengthened in a future recast. These aspects could be integrated in the Energy Performance Certification process as relevant information of the actual living conditions in the building. The co-benefits of thermal comfort and a healthy indoor environment should be taken into account when assessing the macroeconomic impact of energy renovation measures (e.g. reduction of health service costs). Such requirements should also be reflected in national renovation strategies as developed under articles 4 and 5 of the Energy Efficiency Directive.
Agriculture across Africa must undergo a significant
transformation to meet the multiple challenges of climate
change, food insecurity, malnutrition, poverty and
environmental degradation. The case studies described here
are just some of the climate-smart agricultural practices
that already exist in Africa. This publication aims to inspire
farmers, researchers, business leaders, policy makers and
NGOs to take up the mantle of climate-smart agriculture
and accelerate the transformation of Africa's agriculture
into a more sustainable and profitable sector.”
O Brasil aderiu formalmente ao Processo de Marrakesh em 2007, comprometendo-se a elaborar seu Plano de Ação
para Produção e Consumo Sustentáveis (PPCS). Este documento é o resultado de um processo de articulação, elaboração e consulta pública, desenvolvido ao longo de quase quatro anos pelo Ministério do Meio Ambiente em conjunto com o Comitê Gestor de Produção e Consumo Sustentável (CGPCS).
Nesta versão, que corresponde ao primeiro ciclo de implementação proposto para o período de 2011 a 2014, o PPCS dividese
em duas partes: o Plano de Ação para Produção e Consumo Sustentáveis - PPCS propriamente dito, sua estruturação,
estratégia, prioridades, e metas; e os ANEXOS, que contém sua fundamentação com um breve histórico e mandato, além das
referências que nortearam sua elaboração para que o gestor possa aprofundar o conhecimento sobre os temas abordados no
PPCS. Também integram os anexos documentos e referências detalhadas que consubstanciam o Plano. A seguir, uma breve descrição das partes e seus capítulos.
The “Greening Economies in the Eastern Neighbourhood” (EaP GREEN) programme is a means for EaP countries to progress faster on their path to green economy.
The EaP GREEN programme aims at assisting countries in the development and implementation of SPP policies. It increases awareness and builds the capacity of policy makers and procurement managers in the EaP region (and namely the Republic of Moldova, Belarus and Ukraine).
EaP GREEN targets six Eastern neighbours of the European Union: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine, with support provided by the European Commission and four international organisations – OECD, UNECE, UNEP and UNIDO. Additional support is provided by other countries, including Austria, Norway, Switzerland, and the Netherlands.
Every year 350,000 tonnes of textiles are consumed in the Nordic region, of which only 120,000 tonnes of used textiles are separately collected. This corresponds to about one third of all new textiles put on the market. The three projects The Nordic textile Every kilogram of textiles produced on average corresponds to the emission of 15 kilograms of carbon dioxide. In the current paradigm most textiles are used only for part of their functional lifetime and then sent to incineration and landfill with a wasate of high grade resources.
A Nordic strategy for increased reuse and recycling of textiles as well as An extended producer responsibility (EPR) system and new business models to increase reuse and recycling of textiles in the Nordic region have all aimed for a joint vision for textiles. The vision includes multiple uses during the textile products' entire functional lifetime, whether at one or several owners. Further, it aims for legitimate collection for both reuse and, where
Via sustainable management of textiles, the vision is to create a competitive advantage, green jobs and environmental benefits in the Nordic region. The three textile reuse and recycling projects are part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' initiative, The NordicRegion, leading in green growth.
The aim of the guidelines is to inspire, inform and give recommendations on how plastic packaging waste from households can be collected, and how different aspects concerning collection of plastic packaging can be taken into account without recommending a certain collection system in front of another. The aspects considered are: collected amounts, quality of the collected amounts, economic aspects, environmental impact, service level and communication, and flexibility. The guidelines are presented in a separate document and based on Nordic experience. The report is part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' green growth initiative: “The Nordic Region – leading in green growth”. Read more in the web magazine “Green Growth the Nordic Way” at www.nordicway.org or at www.norden.org/greengrowth