Full report for download in English and its executive summary in French, Spanish, Italian, Polish and German.
This analytical report is part of the European Construction Sector Observatory (ECSO) and aims to provide insight into the Thematic Objective 2 “Improving the human capital basis of the construction sector” of the EU Construction 2020 Strategy. It provides an overview of the characteristics of the construction sector workforce in the EU-28, the main drivers and obstacles to the development of skills and the policy responses adopted by Member States.
BetterHome: An industry-driven one-stop-shop solution sees its innovation in the new role of instalers. The model trains and guides the installers on how to approach the customer, from the first contact to the finalisation of the process. BetterHome also simplifies and structures the renovation process for the installer, through supportive and innovative digital tools, enabling a better evolution for all involved.
Reporte sobre el potencial de incorporar las compras públicas verdes (Green Public Procurement – GPP) en los 5 países Nórdicos; analiza todo el ambiente político que afecta a las compras públicas al incluir los siguientes aspectos: Responsabilidad y circuitos para compradores públicos, implementación de políticas, herramientas y templates de monitoreo y desarrollo de capacidad.
Report about the potential for mainstreaming green public procurement (GPP) in the 5 Nordic countries; it analyzes the whole policy environment affecting public procurement by including the following key aspects: responsibility and networks for public procurers, policy implementation, monitoring tools and templates and capacity building. The report gives recommendations on how GPP can be better integrated in other policy areas.
Reporte que provee una visión general de las compras sostenibles de servicios de catering para escuelas: las áreas problemáticas clave y un rango de soluciones prácticas dentro del marco legal provisto por la Directiva Europea 2014/24/EU. Analiza, en profundidad, casos de estudio con enfoques eco-innovadores en Italia, Dinamarca, Suecia y el Reino Unido; y presenta un inventario útil de recursos disponibles.
Report that provides an overview of sustainable procurement of school catering services: the key problem areas and a range of practical solutions within the legal framework provided by the European Directive 2014/24/EU. It analyzes in-depth case studies with eco-innovative approaches in Italy, Denmark, Sweden and the UK; and presents a useful inventory of available resources.
Reporte sobre siete casos de estudio en Dinamarca para las Compras Públicas Verdes (Green Public Procurement – GPP) en los sectores de depuración de aguas, surtidores de calor, servicios de limpieza, construcción, muebles y equipamiento de hospital. Se enfoca en los efectos de las GPP en los proveedores y el mercado.
Report on seven case studies in Denmark for Green Public Procurement (GPP) in the sectors of wastewater treatment, heat pumps, cleaning services, construction, furniture and hospital equipment. It focuses on the effects of GPP on the supplier and the market.
Indoor air quality, thermal comfort and daylight - An analysis of residential building regulations in 8 Member States
This report about indoor air quality (IAQ), thermal comfort and daylight requirements in selected Member States addresses a range of topics increasingly important for European buildings and their inhabitants.
The overall aim of the report is to provide an overview of the regulatory framework for IAQ, thermal comfort and daylight, and to highlight the importance of having appropriate requirements for thermal comfort, ventilation and daylight conditions. The report provides concluding recommendations for further policy development relevant for indoor climate.
The assessment focuses on the respective building codes for new and existing residential buildings in selected MS: Belgium (Brussels Region), Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Sweden and the UK (England and Wales).
A critical and comparative evaluation is provided whilst best practice approaches are highlighted.
Between 30 to 50% of excess winter deaths can be attributed to cold indoor temperatures, demonstrating the importance of thermal comfort and its link to fuel poverty. Key aspects to ensure good conditions for building occupants include thermal comfort, indoor air quality and daylight. Despite these links, the requirements for indoor air quality and thermal comfort are not comprehensive and clear enough in the eight surveyed countries. BPIE identified gaps in regulation to ensure that European citizens live in highly efficient, healthy, comfortable and well lit buildings. Considering that people spend 60 to 90% of their life in buildings, the subject should get a prominent space in legislation.
At the EU level, while indoor climate is mentioned in the EPBD, the importance of indoor air quality, thermal comfort and daylight has to be strengthened in a future recast. These aspects could be integrated in the Energy Performance Certification process as relevant information of the actual living conditions in the building. The co-benefits of thermal comfort and a healthy indoor environment should be taken into account when assessing the macroeconomic impact of energy renovation measures (e.g. reduction of health service costs). Such requirements should also be reflected in national renovation strategies as developed under articles 4 and 5 of the Energy Efficiency Directive.
Every year 350,000 tonnes of textiles are consumed in the Nordic region, of which only 120,000 tonnes of used textiles are separately collected. This corresponds to about one third of all new textiles put on the market. The three projects The Nordic textile Every kilogram of textiles produced on average corresponds to the emission of 15 kilograms of carbon dioxide. In the current paradigm most textiles are used only for part of their functional lifetime and then sent to incineration and landfill with a wasate of high grade resources.
A Nordic strategy for increased reuse and recycling of textiles as well as An extended producer responsibility (EPR) system and new business models to increase reuse and recycling of textiles in the Nordic region have all aimed for a joint vision for textiles. The vision includes multiple uses during the textile products' entire functional lifetime, whether at one or several owners. Further, it aims for legitimate collection for both reuse and, where
Via sustainable management of textiles, the vision is to create a competitive advantage, green jobs and environmental benefits in the Nordic region. The three textile reuse and recycling projects are part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' initiative, The NordicRegion, leading in green growth.
The aim of the guidelines is to inspire, inform and give recommendations on how plastic packaging waste from households can be collected, and how different aspects concerning collection of plastic packaging can be taken into account without recommending a certain collection system in front of another. The aspects considered are: collected amounts, quality of the collected amounts, economic aspects, environmental impact, service level and communication, and flexibility. The guidelines are presented in a separate document and based on Nordic experience. The report is part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' green growth initiative: “The Nordic Region – leading in green growth”. Read more in the web magazine “Green Growth the Nordic Way” at www.nordicway.org or at www.norden.org/greengrowth
Nordic Cooperation: Collection & recycling of plastic waste - Improvements in existing collection and recycling systems in the Nordic countries
The first report from the project “Improvements in existing collection and recycling systems for plastic waste from households and other municipal waste sources” is focused on describing the existing situation when it comes to collection and recycling of plastic waste in the Nordic countries. The streams covered are (all from both households and other MSW sources):
• Plastic packaging waste.
• Non-packaging small plastic waste.
• Plastic bulky waste.
Similarities and differences among the Nordic countries are presented in the report. The findings provide input into the development of suggestions for improvements. The report is part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' green growth initiative: “The Nordic Region – leading in green growth.” Read more in the web magazine “Green Growth the Nordic Way” at www.nordicway.org or at www.norden.org/greengrowth
The report for Part 2 was published in December 2014.
Nordic Cooperation: WEEE Plastics Recycling - A guide to enhancing the recovery of plastics from waste electrical and electronic equipment
The purpose of this guide is to inform and assist different stakeholders in the Nordic region to enhance the recycling of plastic materials from WEEE – Waste Electrical and Electronic Waste. It presents recommendations to various parties: consumers, authorities and policy-makers, recyclers and waste operators, as well as electronics producers.The guide was compiled as part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' initiative, The Nordic Region – leading in green growth. Read more at www.norden.org/greengrowth or in the web magazine Green Growth the Nordic Way at www.nordicway.org
This is a guideline for plastic sorting at recycling centres. The aim is to give assistance to the choices made by the management of recycling centres in order to collect plastic of better quality and in greater quantities. In the guideline, the potential plastic categories are listed and described, also with respect to potential content of hazardous substances. Issues to take into account when choosing how to organise the collection of plastic at the recycling centre are described. A separate chapter looks at how the public could be assisted with the sorting of plastics at the recycling centres.
The guideline is part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' overall green growth initiative: “The Nordic Region – leading in green growth” - read more in the web magazine “Green Growth the Nordic Way” at www.nordicway.org or at www.norden.org/greengrowth
The report addresses how date labels are determined and applied with focus on reducing food waste in the Nordic countries. This was assessed through a survey and selected interviews with Nordic food manufacturers about their considerations when deciding the date label. Another objective has been to distinguish if there are differences in the way food safety authorities interpret legislation. The results from the study indicate that there are differences between the countries in terms of both the practice of guidelines and the shelf life of food.
The report is part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' overall green growth initiative: “The Nordic Region – leading in green growth” – read more in the web magazine “Green Growth the Nordic Way” at www.nordicway.org or at www.norden.org/greengrowth
The Energy Efficiency Directive (2012/27/EU) introduced in 2012 an important new dimension to the energy saving in buildings legislative landscape. Article 4 requires Member States, for the first time, to set out national strategies for the renovation of their building stocks, thereby filling a major gap in policy concerning the existing building stock.
The report focuses on 10 Member States (Austria, Belgium (Brussels Capital Region), Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Netherlands, Romania, Spain and UK) that submitted within 3 months of the April 2014 deadline and selected by BPIE for their building stock and climate diversity. The 10 strategies, while giving a spectrum of approaches and activities, do not set a clear, strategic path and most lack bold and determined action plans.
The report scores countries for each of the 5 requirements from Article 4, EED: overview of the national building stock, cost-effective approaches to renovations, policies and measures to stimulate cost-effective deep renovations, forward-looking perspective to guide investment decisions and evidence-based estimate of expected savings and wider benefits. Based on this scoring, BPIE finds that 3 strategies are non-compliant (Austria, Denmark and The Netherlands), 3 are only partially compliant (France, Germany and Brussels Capital Region) and 4 are acceptable but still show potential to improve (Czech Republic, Romania, Spain and the UK). Some strategies include elements which can be considered best practice such as financial support or a wider-stakeholder process, but are weak on other aspects, varying from country to country.
The report concludes that benefits need to be quantified better, not only in terms of energy, carbon and cost savings, but also in terms of economic impact, societal benefits and environmental improvements. Policy packages and support measures need to be developed in more detail to provide effective incentives to invest in deep renovation. It is also suggested that the European Commission should provide more effective guidance and that most strategies should be re-submitted with corrective actions taken.