En Belgique, la perte alimentaire globale est évaluée à 3,6 millions de tonnes par an. Les ménages wallons jettent chaque année entre 14 et 23 kilos de nourriture par habitant, ce qui représente une perte financière annuelle estimée à 174 euros par ménage. L’analyse de la composition des poubelles d’ordures ménagères confirme ces résultats, soit 19 kg/hab/an soit 16% de la poubelle résiduelle.
The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) introduced Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) with the aim to create more transparency about the energy performance of individual buildings. To date, the implementation of this instrument varies significantly across Europe in terms of scope, information, comparability and user-friendliness, limiting its acceptance by users as well as its market penetration.
Full report for download in English and its executive summary in French, Spanish, Italian, Polish and German.
This analytical report is part of the European Construction Sector Observatory (ECSO) and aims to provide insight into the Thematic Objective 2 “Improving the human capital basis of the construction sector” of the EU Construction 2020 Strategy. It provides an overview of the characteristics of the construction sector workforce in the EU-28, the main drivers and obstacles to the development of skills and the policy responses adopted by Member States.
COMUNICAÇÃO DA COMISSÃO AO CONSELHO E AO PARLAMENTO EUROPEU - Política integrada de produtos Desenvolvimento de uma reflexão ambiental centrada no ciclo de vida
Comunicado sobre el rol que una Politica de Productos Integrada (Integrated Product Policy – IPP), centrada en el enfoque del ciclo de vida (Life Cycle Approach), juega en términos de contribución al desarrollo sostenible. El documento contiene las directrices de la estrategia de la Unión Europea (UE) sobre IPP y el marco para su implementación.
Communication about the role that an Integrated Product Policy (IPP) centered on the life cycle approach plays in terms of contributing to sustainable development. The document contains the guidelines of the European Union (EU) strategy on IPP and the framework to implement it.
Presentación introductoria a las compras públicas ecológicas en Europa que destaca los efectos positivos en diversos problemas ambientales, y contiene ejemplos de buenas prácticas en ciudades europeas.
Introductory presentation to Green Public Procurement (GPP) in Europe that highlights the positive effects it has on several environmental problems, and contains examples of good practices in European cities.
Indoor air quality, thermal comfort and daylight - An analysis of residential building regulations in 8 Member States
This report about indoor air quality (IAQ), thermal comfort and daylight requirements in selected Member States addresses a range of topics increasingly important for European buildings and their inhabitants.
The overall aim of the report is to provide an overview of the regulatory framework for IAQ, thermal comfort and daylight, and to highlight the importance of having appropriate requirements for thermal comfort, ventilation and daylight conditions. The report provides concluding recommendations for further policy development relevant for indoor climate.
The assessment focuses on the respective building codes for new and existing residential buildings in selected MS: Belgium (Brussels Region), Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Sweden and the UK (England and Wales).
A critical and comparative evaluation is provided whilst best practice approaches are highlighted.
Between 30 to 50% of excess winter deaths can be attributed to cold indoor temperatures, demonstrating the importance of thermal comfort and its link to fuel poverty. Key aspects to ensure good conditions for building occupants include thermal comfort, indoor air quality and daylight. Despite these links, the requirements for indoor air quality and thermal comfort are not comprehensive and clear enough in the eight surveyed countries. BPIE identified gaps in regulation to ensure that European citizens live in highly efficient, healthy, comfortable and well lit buildings. Considering that people spend 60 to 90% of their life in buildings, the subject should get a prominent space in legislation.
At the EU level, while indoor climate is mentioned in the EPBD, the importance of indoor air quality, thermal comfort and daylight has to be strengthened in a future recast. These aspects could be integrated in the Energy Performance Certification process as relevant information of the actual living conditions in the building. The co-benefits of thermal comfort and a healthy indoor environment should be taken into account when assessing the macroeconomic impact of energy renovation measures (e.g. reduction of health service costs). Such requirements should also be reflected in national renovation strategies as developed under articles 4 and 5 of the Energy Efficiency Directive.
The report aims to provide an overview of the models of governmental engagement in using voluntary standards. This study is based on ten country case studies that were developed through the “Governmental Use of Voluntary Standards” project, carried out by International Social and Environmental Accreditation and Labelling Alliance (ISEAL Alliance) in collaboration with the Trade Standards Practitioners' Network (TSPN) and with the support of the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO), the World Bank and the Entwined research partnership.
According to the conclusions drawn by this paper, the governmental use of voluntary standards is characterised by diversity (governance, mission motivations for engagement, institutional arrangements and implementation mechanisms, policy outcomes) coupled with the evidence of its widespread use around the world (in countries with different levels of development). The voluntary standards have established themselves as effective, flexible tools to accompany and support governmental policy. However, for its further development a number of issues should be addressed: availability of information on the best practices, foster opportunities for shared learning, and strengthen credibility and accountability of voluntary standard systems.
The Energy Efficiency Directive (2012/27/EU) introduced in 2012 an important new dimension to the energy saving in buildings legislative landscape. Article 4 requires Member States, for the first time, to set out national strategies for the renovation of their building stocks, thereby filling a major gap in policy concerning the existing building stock.
The report focuses on 10 Member States (Austria, Belgium (Brussels Capital Region), Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Netherlands, Romania, Spain and UK) that submitted within 3 months of the April 2014 deadline and selected by BPIE for their building stock and climate diversity. The 10 strategies, while giving a spectrum of approaches and activities, do not set a clear, strategic path and most lack bold and determined action plans.
The report scores countries for each of the 5 requirements from Article 4, EED: overview of the national building stock, cost-effective approaches to renovations, policies and measures to stimulate cost-effective deep renovations, forward-looking perspective to guide investment decisions and evidence-based estimate of expected savings and wider benefits. Based on this scoring, BPIE finds that 3 strategies are non-compliant (Austria, Denmark and The Netherlands), 3 are only partially compliant (France, Germany and Brussels Capital Region) and 4 are acceptable but still show potential to improve (Czech Republic, Romania, Spain and the UK). Some strategies include elements which can be considered best practice such as financial support or a wider-stakeholder process, but are weak on other aspects, varying from country to country.
The report concludes that benefits need to be quantified better, not only in terms of energy, carbon and cost savings, but also in terms of economic impact, societal benefits and environmental improvements. Policy packages and support measures need to be developed in more detail to provide effective incentives to invest in deep renovation. It is also suggested that the European Commission should provide more effective guidance and that most strategies should be re-submitted with corrective actions taken.
The Sustainable Development strategy of Wallonia provides a framework for long-term thinking for all stakeholders concerned about finding solutions to environmental, economic and social challenges by the year 2050. It also provides a galvanizing framework to turn these challenges into economic and social opportunities, and generate a new prosperity which is more respectful of people and their environment.
Five challenges are highlighted in this first strategy: 1) deepening of social divide, 2) climatic disturbances, 3) demographic changes, 4) restoration and protection of biodiversity, 5) energy transition. Seven themes were identified to address these challenges and promote sustainable development in Wallonia among which sustainable consumption and production. For each of these themes, the strategy includes a vision for 2050 that should guide the actions of decision makers in the long run, and an overview of existing quantitative targets between now and 2050.