The project which was carried out by Swedish Life Cycle Center with funding from the Swedish Energy Agency, includes interviews with representatives from different organizations working with an applied life cycle thinking. The aim was to gain knowledge of different methods and ways of working on life cycle related issues in different types of organizations. Organizations are selected to represent different sectors, and to demonstrate a variety of approaches to life cycle issues.
A national strategy is needed to promote innovations and be a catalyst for new ideas in the public sector and the business community. It is needed to achieve the Government’s aim
of establishing public procurement as a strategic tool for efficient organisations and a means of achieving the national environmental, social sustainability and administration policy objectives.
How can consumption be made more sustainable? What can be done to make it easier for consumers to make climate-smart choices? These are some of the questions in focus in the Government’s strategy for sustainable consumption. The aim is for the strategy to contribute to environmentally, socially and economically sustainable consumption.
The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) introduced Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) with the aim to create more transparency about the energy performance of individual buildings. To date, the implementation of this instrument varies significantly across Europe in terms of scope, information, comparability and user-friendliness, limiting its acceptance by users as well as its market penetration.
Full report for download in English and its executive summary in French, Spanish, Italian, Polish and German.
This analytical report is part of the European Construction Sector Observatory (ECSO) and aims to provide insight into the Thematic Objective 2 “Improving the human capital basis of the construction sector” of the EU Construction 2020 Strategy. It provides an overview of the characteristics of the construction sector workforce in the EU-28, the main drivers and obstacles to the development of skills and the policy responses adopted by Member States.
BetterHome: An industry-driven one-stop-shop solution sees its innovation in the new role of instalers. The model trains and guides the installers on how to approach the customer, from the first contact to the finalisation of the process. BetterHome also simplifies and structures the renovation process for the installer, through supportive and innovative digital tools, enabling a better evolution for all involved.
Presentación de las cuestiones sociales relacionadas con la contratación pública, como las decisiones políticas, el comercio justo y el empleo de personas desfavorecidas abordados con ejemplos prácticos.
Presentation on social issues related to public procurement, such as political decissions, fair trade and Employment of disadvantaged people explained with practical examples
Processos de Verificação da Responsabilidade Social na Cadeia de Fornecimento - Um Guia Prático e Jurídico para Compradores Públicos
Guia, dentro del ámbito de la Contratación Pública Socialmente Responsable (Socially Responsible Public Procurement – SRPP), que analiza diferentes instrumentos de verificación que pueden ser utilizados en las diversas etapas de un proceso de contratación para verificar la responsabilidad social de la cadena de suministro; considerando las perspectivas práctica y legal. Contiene ejemplos de esquemas de verificación de Alemania, Suecia, los Países Bajos, Suiza y Austria.
Guide within the scope of Socially Responsible Public Procurement (SRPP) that analyses different instruments of verification that can be used in the various stages of a procurement process to verify the social responsibility of the supply chain; considering both the practical and legal perspectives. It contains examples of verification schemes from Germany, Sweden, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Austria.
Reporte sobre el potencial de incorporar las compras públicas verdes (Green Public Procurement – GPP) en los 5 países Nórdicos; analiza todo el ambiente político que afecta a las compras públicas al incluir los siguientes aspectos: Responsabilidad y circuitos para compradores públicos, implementación de políticas, herramientas y templates de monitoreo y desarrollo de capacidad.
Report about the potential for mainstreaming green public procurement (GPP) in the 5 Nordic countries; it analyzes the whole policy environment affecting public procurement by including the following key aspects: responsibility and networks for public procurers, policy implementation, monitoring tools and templates and capacity building. The report gives recommendations on how GPP can be better integrated in other policy areas.
Reporte que provee una visión general de las compras sostenibles de servicios de catering para escuelas: las áreas problemáticas clave y un rango de soluciones prácticas dentro del marco legal provisto por la Directiva Europea 2014/24/EU. Analiza, en profundidad, casos de estudio con enfoques eco-innovadores en Italia, Dinamarca, Suecia y el Reino Unido; y presenta un inventario útil de recursos disponibles.
Report that provides an overview of sustainable procurement of school catering services: the key problem areas and a range of practical solutions within the legal framework provided by the European Directive 2014/24/EU. It analyzes in-depth case studies with eco-innovative approaches in Italy, Denmark, Sweden and the UK; and presents a useful inventory of available resources.
The purpose of this study was to clear out how Green Public Procurement has been realized in state framework contracts in the Nordic countries, to propose country-specific ways to improve the situation, and to draw a general model of efficient ways to realize green state framework contracts. The study was carried through in 2014 and 2015 by Bjørn Bauer and Rikke Fischer-Bogason (PlanMiljø, Denmark), Luitzen de Boer and Sigurd Vildåsen (Norwegian University of Science and Technology), and Timo Kivistö (Kivistö Consulting, Finland). The study was supervised by the Working Group of Nordic Council of Ministers for Sustainable Consumption and Production (i.e. HKP-group).
In addition to this Full Report, the project has also resulted in a short Summary Report and a power point presentation (slides), including the key findings and conclusions.
On Tuesday 30 June 2015, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE) hosted a webinar on the "Green Public Procurement experience of Sweden and GPP-related activities of the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)", organized by the Sustainable Public Procurement programme of the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production (10YFP SPP programme).
Key speakers from the Swedish EPA included Ms. Kristina von Oelreich, Deputy Head of the Department of Operational Support, who shared the Swedish EPA's experience with Green Public Procurement (GPP), Ms. Annika Kleen, Legal Advisor, who presented the results of the survey, conducted in Sweden in 2013, on how the public sector is working with GPP, and Mr. Sven-Olof Ryding, Senior Advisor on Green Public Procurement, who presented the conclusions of the pre-study on the “Sustainability of Supply Chains and SPP”, released by UNEP in June 2014.
This document compiles all information presented during the webinar.
The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA) has conducted a survey with the aim of periodically monitoring how government agencies, municipalities, county councils and government companies are working to establish environmental
requirements in connection with the purchasing of goods and services.
Product-service systems (PSS) are an innovative business approach that shifts the traditional business focus from selling physical products only (e.g. a washing machine) to selling a mix of products and services (e.g. cleaning services) that are jointly capable of meeting specific client demand (clean clothes). The key idea behind PSS is that consumers do not demand products per se, but are seeking the utility provided by products and services. One value-added of PSS lies in their potential to decouple consumption from economic growth, as they offer the possibility of meeting more needs with lower material and energy requirements.
This technical report examines the nexus between product-service systems and sustainable public procurement, drawing together international experience. The aim of this report is, in particular, to demonstrate how product-service systems can be used by governments in the context of sustainable public procurement (SPP) policies and initiatives, thus contributing to a more resource-efficient, low-carbon and inclusive green economy. Some examples of the use of product-service systems by government organizations are given in the case studies in Annex I.
This technical report was produced by working group 3A of the 10YFP SPP Programme.
Indoor air quality, thermal comfort and daylight - An analysis of residential building regulations in 8 Member States
This report about indoor air quality (IAQ), thermal comfort and daylight requirements in selected Member States addresses a range of topics increasingly important for European buildings and their inhabitants.
The overall aim of the report is to provide an overview of the regulatory framework for IAQ, thermal comfort and daylight, and to highlight the importance of having appropriate requirements for thermal comfort, ventilation and daylight conditions. The report provides concluding recommendations for further policy development relevant for indoor climate.
The assessment focuses on the respective building codes for new and existing residential buildings in selected MS: Belgium (Brussels Region), Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Sweden and the UK (England and Wales).
A critical and comparative evaluation is provided whilst best practice approaches are highlighted.
Between 30 to 50% of excess winter deaths can be attributed to cold indoor temperatures, demonstrating the importance of thermal comfort and its link to fuel poverty. Key aspects to ensure good conditions for building occupants include thermal comfort, indoor air quality and daylight. Despite these links, the requirements for indoor air quality and thermal comfort are not comprehensive and clear enough in the eight surveyed countries. BPIE identified gaps in regulation to ensure that European citizens live in highly efficient, healthy, comfortable and well lit buildings. Considering that people spend 60 to 90% of their life in buildings, the subject should get a prominent space in legislation.
At the EU level, while indoor climate is mentioned in the EPBD, the importance of indoor air quality, thermal comfort and daylight has to be strengthened in a future recast. These aspects could be integrated in the Energy Performance Certification process as relevant information of the actual living conditions in the building. The co-benefits of thermal comfort and a healthy indoor environment should be taken into account when assessing the macroeconomic impact of energy renovation measures (e.g. reduction of health service costs). Such requirements should also be reflected in national renovation strategies as developed under articles 4 and 5 of the Energy Efficiency Directive.
Every year 350,000 tonnes of textiles are consumed in the Nordic region, of which only 120,000 tonnes of used textiles are separately collected. This corresponds to about one third of all new textiles put on the market. The three projects The Nordic textile Every kilogram of textiles produced on average corresponds to the emission of 15 kilograms of carbon dioxide. In the current paradigm most textiles are used only for part of their functional lifetime and then sent to incineration and landfill with a wasate of high grade resources.
A Nordic strategy for increased reuse and recycling of textiles as well as An extended producer responsibility (EPR) system and new business models to increase reuse and recycling of textiles in the Nordic region have all aimed for a joint vision for textiles. The vision includes multiple uses during the textile products' entire functional lifetime, whether at one or several owners. Further, it aims for legitimate collection for both reuse and, where
Via sustainable management of textiles, the vision is to create a competitive advantage, green jobs and environmental benefits in the Nordic region. The three textile reuse and recycling projects are part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' initiative, The NordicRegion, leading in green growth.
The aim of the guidelines is to inspire, inform and give recommendations on how plastic packaging waste from households can be collected, and how different aspects concerning collection of plastic packaging can be taken into account without recommending a certain collection system in front of another. The aspects considered are: collected amounts, quality of the collected amounts, economic aspects, environmental impact, service level and communication, and flexibility. The guidelines are presented in a separate document and based on Nordic experience. The report is part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' green growth initiative: “The Nordic Region – leading in green growth”. Read more in the web magazine “Green Growth the Nordic Way” at www.nordicway.org or at www.norden.org/greengrowth
Nordic Cooperation: Collection & recycling of plastic waste - Improvements in existing collection and recycling systems in the Nordic countries
The first report from the project “Improvements in existing collection and recycling systems for plastic waste from households and other municipal waste sources” is focused on describing the existing situation when it comes to collection and recycling of plastic waste in the Nordic countries. The streams covered are (all from both households and other MSW sources):
• Plastic packaging waste.
• Non-packaging small plastic waste.
• Plastic bulky waste.
Similarities and differences among the Nordic countries are presented in the report. The findings provide input into the development of suggestions for improvements. The report is part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' green growth initiative: “The Nordic Region – leading in green growth.” Read more in the web magazine “Green Growth the Nordic Way” at www.nordicway.org or at www.norden.org/greengrowth
The report for Part 2 was published in December 2014.
Nordic Cooperation: WEEE Plastics Recycling - A guide to enhancing the recovery of plastics from waste electrical and electronic equipment
The purpose of this guide is to inform and assist different stakeholders in the Nordic region to enhance the recycling of plastic materials from WEEE – Waste Electrical and Electronic Waste. It presents recommendations to various parties: consumers, authorities and policy-makers, recyclers and waste operators, as well as electronics producers.The guide was compiled as part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' initiative, The Nordic Region – leading in green growth. Read more at www.norden.org/greengrowth or in the web magazine Green Growth the Nordic Way at www.nordicway.org
This is a guideline for plastic sorting at recycling centres. The aim is to give assistance to the choices made by the management of recycling centres in order to collect plastic of better quality and in greater quantities. In the guideline, the potential plastic categories are listed and described, also with respect to potential content of hazardous substances. Issues to take into account when choosing how to organise the collection of plastic at the recycling centre are described. A separate chapter looks at how the public could be assisted with the sorting of plastics at the recycling centres.
The guideline is part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' overall green growth initiative: “The Nordic Region – leading in green growth” - read more in the web magazine “Green Growth the Nordic Way” at www.nordicway.org or at www.norden.org/greengrowth
The report addresses how date labels are determined and applied with focus on reducing food waste in the Nordic countries. This was assessed through a survey and selected interviews with Nordic food manufacturers about their considerations when deciding the date label. Another objective has been to distinguish if there are differences in the way food safety authorities interpret legislation. The results from the study indicate that there are differences between the countries in terms of both the practice of guidelines and the shelf life of food.
The report is part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' overall green growth initiative: “The Nordic Region – leading in green growth” – read more in the web magazine “Green Growth the Nordic Way” at www.nordicway.org or at www.norden.org/greengrowth
Public procurement and transformative solutions: A migration strategy for India’s procurement in the 21st century
This report is an outcome of thought leadership collaboration between stakeholders in India and Sweden that seeks to spur momentum to ensure innovative and global sustainable development through the mainstreaming of transformative solutions.
The collaboration is based on two national public procurement projects, one in India and one in Sweden. The objective is to explore ways that allow public procurement to deliver economic development, innovation, poverty reduction and global environmental sustainability by supporting transformative solutions.
As the key outcome of the work, a migration strategy has been developed that will enable, and support, a shift from current procurement to a procurement that supports transformative solutions. This strategy will help move focus from only incremental improvements (that are not enough and sometimes even destructive) to 21st century solutions that are truly sustainable from a global perspective. Such a strategy will also encourage increased transparency and cost efficiency in the procurement process.
The starting point for this report has been to study the potential benefits ICT technology can have in promoting sustainable lifestyles and a special focus has been put on the new eco-district the Stockholm Royal Seaport. We have studied the work being done at the Stockholm Royal Seaport and especially the ICT research projects. We have further studied what sustainable lifestyles entail and also how technology can be used in a persuasive manner to change attitudes and behaviour. Based on all this we have compiled the ICT solutions most suitable for promoting sustainable lifestyles and incorporated these into a new Smart City SRS Concept. In the Smart City SRS Concept we discuss what actions need to be taken to implement the suggested ICT solutions into the Stockholm Royal Seaport and also what actors would need to be involved.