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Dynamics and differences in the prices of healthy and ultra-processed foods in Brazil

  • Published on February 14, 2022

The report "Dynamics and Differences in Food Prices in Brazil" was written by Valter Palmieri Júnior, a doctor in economic development from Unicamp. It contributes to the debate, bringing to public knowledge the reasons that led the country to this scenario, and presents proposals for constructing public policies that guarantee access to adequate food and promote the health of Brazilian families.

 

With many unpublished and impressive graphics, the objective of the work is to demonstrate, through theories and data, the importance of public policies aimed at encouraging healthy eating. In recent years, Brazilian society has faced increasing prices for healthy foods. The study demonstrates the reasons for this increase in our national context and its economic and public health consequences. The text addresses the following topics: food inflation, food production, and agricultural land, food prices, taxation of ultra-processed foods and healthy foods, and tax benefits.

 

According to the study, since 2006, healthier foods' price has increased above the average for foods and far above ultra-processed products. An example is the price comparison between fruit and soft drinks. From June 2006 to March 2021, fruit inflation, for instance, was 89% higher than the IPCA index and 114% higher than "sugar and derivatives." Soft drinks also had much lower price fluctuations than fruit, becoming relatively 43% cheaper in 2021 compared to 2006.

 

These data go against the recommendation of the Ministry of Health in the publication "Food guide for Brazilian families," which encourages the consumption of less processed foods.



This work aims to demonstrate, through theories and data, the importance of public policies aimed at encouraging healthy eating. In recent years, Brazilian society has faced increasing prices for healthy foods. The study shows the reasons for this increase in our national context and its economic and public health consequences.

 

It addresses the following topics:

  • food inflation
  • food production and agricultural land
  • family farming and agriculture for export
  • food price
  • taxation of ultra-processed foods and healthy foods
  • tax benefits

 

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