Towards sustainable e-wastes management in Lebanon
The project aims at assessing the possible scenarios for the management of e-wastes (wastes of Electric and Electronic Equipment-EEE) in Lebanon by conducting a national assessment of e-wastes in the country and carrying out at a subsequent stage an economic feasibility study to identify the treatment option most appropriate for Lebanon.
E-waste is globally the fastest growing waste stream. Electronic equipment is replaced and discarded on average every 2 years in industrialized countries and every 5 years or more in developing countries. Every year, 20 to 50 million tons of e-waste are generated worldwide. Hazardous components contained in e-waste can have a severe impact on the environment and human health if not treated in a sustainable manner. It is important to know however that e-wastes not only contains hazardous substances but also highly valuable materials such as gold, silver, copper, platinum, palladium, iron, aluminum and rare earth metals that may be recovered. In Lebanon, no e-waste assessment has been conducted yet and no reliable information on the volumes of e-wastes in the country exists. No reliable information exists neither regarding the disposal pathways of e-wastes. It is estimated that some e-wastes are stored in houses of individuals or in warehouses of public administrations while others are disposed with household wastes stream to end up in landfills or in open waste dumps where they are subject to frequent incineration and thus transformation into very toxic pollutants like dioxins. Some e-waste collection effort has been initiated by civil society actors. No management can be done in the absence of data. Accordingly, it is of prime importance to carry out a national assessment to determine the amounts and types of e-wastes generated in Lebanon on one hand and to be able to suggest appropriate treatment scenarios based on the results of the inventory. The project will be implemented by IRI and its affiliated institutions like LCPC in partnership with the Ministry of Industry, UNIDO and in synergy with the Ministry of Economy and Trade, the Association of the Lebanese Industrialists, the Chambers of Commerce, Agriculture and Industry and the banking sector. • Consultation of the stakeholders to establish a national e-waste strategy including regulations on governmental level, based on recent E-waste law submitted. • Inventory of the current situation regarding e-waste. The type, quantity, source, existing collection system, existing treatment methods, etc. will be analyzed to give a good basis for the further steps. • Based on the outcomes of the inventory a business model for e-waste management will be designed. This includes the expected revenues, costs, needed space, required amount of workers, output fractions, etc. • Increased awareness regarding e-wastes issue • Increased capacity of the Government of Lebanon to manage e-waste Coordinate further on the implementation and cooperation
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