Education for Sustainable Development: Towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals – ESD for 2030
The new ESD framework for the period 2020 – 2030 (ESD for 2030) was developed through broad consultations with various stakeholders from 2016 to 2018. It focuses on strengthening ESD’s contribution to the achievement of all 17 SDGs, focusing on policies, learning environments, teachers and educators, youth as well as communities. It has a particular focus on placing greater emphasis on the contribution of learning content to the survival and prosperity of humanity.
ESD for 2030 aims to build a more just and sustainable world through strengthening ESD and contributing to the achievement of the 17 SDGs. ESD for 2030 will achieve this through a threefold approach to promote ESD as a key element of quality education and a key enabler of all 17 Sustainable Development Goals, with special attention to: a) individual transformation; b) societal transformation; c) technological advances. There has to be more attention to individuals and how they are transformed. Fundamental changes required for a sustainable future start with individuals and their change of behaviour, attitude and lifestyle, while the contextual factors and institutional support provide an enabling environment and can bulwark individual contributions. This is particularly so among the younger generation whose transformative action is often prompted when they attach importance to certain values and a lifestyle that corresponds to their sense of identity. ESD is needed to provide them with critical thinking skills to reflect on individual values, attitudes and behaviours as well as lifestyle choices. ESD in the future will have to encourage learners to explore values which could provide an alternative to consumer societies, such as sufficiency, fairness and solidarity. The emerging interest in a circular economy and a sharing economy represents one of those alternatives. ESD can provide training for key stakeholders in the private sector and raise financial literacy to support sustainable economic practices. ESD also has to affect the unsustainable production patterns of current economic structures more directly. This means that people have to be empowered to engage directly in the political process and advocate, for example, for appropriate environmental regulations for businesses. Buiding a more just and sustainable world through strengthening ESD and contributing to the achievement of the 17 SDGs.
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