Comprehensive Management of Coastal and Marine Resources as a means to reduce vulnerability and increase Climate Change Adaptation Capacity in the Paquera - Tambor Districts at Nicoya Gulf (Costa Rica).
This initiative diversifies the productive activities with the recovery and protection of vulnerable marine ecosystems in the Paquera-Tambor Marine Area for Responsible Fisheries. As well, it strengthens and builds local capacities to facilitate climate change adaptation through capacitation and knowledge building activities.
Global climate scenarios predict for Central America a decrease in rainfall and a significant increase in its variability; these scenarios predict prolonged dry periods or even droughts. For Costa Rica, a future projection (2071-2100) predicts that the marine area of Golfo de Nicoya (Nicoya’s Gulf) should expect significant changes in precipitation, temperature increase, ocean acidity, and rising of the sea level. All these changes will have a direct effect on terrestrial and marine and coastal biodiversity (i.e. fishing resources). Due to this, and in order to prepare the country to handle climate change processes, initiatives started assessing and exploring the current ability to adapt to these changes. As a result, it is known that the Paquera and Tambor Districts, in the Nicoya Gulf, have a low adaptive capacity and a medium-high vulnerability regarding climate change, particularly in its effects in artisanal fisheries (main economic income of the families in the zone). In the light of this, the initiative is based in three main objectives: (i) Diversification of productive activities based on recovering and protecting the marine ecosystems of Paquera-Tambor Marine Area for Responsible Fisheries (MARF), (ii) Restoration and protection of vulnerable marine ecosystems within the Paquera-Tambor MARF, and (iii) Strengthening of current and building additional local adaptive capabilities to climate change through early alert and disaster risk mitigation. In order to contribute to achieve that, this initiative aims to develop and implement activities and actions on: (a) Strengthen the Fishery, (b) Reducing vulnerability and increasing the adaptation capacity, (c) Developing productive alternatives, (d) Reforestation of mangrove forest, (e) Training and Educating. The actions implemented provide specific results such as: a) The creation of a volunteer programme for the MARF, in which a total of 4 volunteers were host during 65 days. b) A workshop for the families that hosted the volunteers about tolerance and respect. c) A local focal group in charge of the correct development of the productive component. d) Development of a tool for the measure of the socioeconomic condition of the host families. e) International and national marketing in volunteers websites. For this f) Incorporation of local fishermen into Cooperative organizations. g) Develop of the necessary baseline to facilitate and procure the Artisanal Fisheries adaptation to Climate Change. h) Recovery of strategic ecosystems, such as mangrove forests, for adaptation to climate change processes.
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