Resource Sustainability Act (RSA)
The landmark Resource Sustainability Act provides the legislative framework to impose upstream regulatory measures to address three key resource streams: food waste, electrical and electronic waste (e-waste), and packaging waste including plastics. Food waste and packaging waste are priority waste streams as they are generated in large quantities but have low recycling rates. E-waste is also an important waste stream as it contains valuable resources such as precious metals and working components which, if not properly managed, could have detrimental effects on the environment. The RSA includes provisions for an Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) framework for e-waste, a mandatory reporting framework for packaging, and mandatory segregation and treatment regulations for food waste. Through the EPR framework, producers will be incentivised to adopt more sustainable production practices and design products from a life-cycle perspective, such as by making products more easily recyclable or optimise production practices to reduce packaging. The RSA allows Singapore to strive towards the vision of a Zero Waste Nation.
The Resource Sustainability Act drives resource sustainability by incentivising producers to redesign their products to last longer and for easier recycling. This helps shift mind-sets towards the circular economy approach and sustainable production and consumption.