Philippine Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (PBSAP) 2015-2028
One of the strategies of PBSAP is directed to reduce the ecological footprint of production and consumption activities, particularly in the agriculture, fisheries, forestry, and mining sectors. This is critical as these sectors often result in the destruction of natural habitats and the loss of biodiversity. The PBSAP calls for the development and implementation of policies and measures that promote sustainable practices across sectors. It includes the promotion of biodiversity-friendly enterprises (BDFEs) and biodiversity-friendly agricultural practices (BDFAPs) and enhancing biodiversity conservation and protection in mining operations.
Another important aspect of the PBSAP is its focus on sustainable tourism. Tourism has the potential to promote sustainable development, but it can also have negative impacts on biodiversity if not managed properly. The PBSAP promotes sustainable tourism practices that minimize negative impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services while maximizing the benefits to local communities. This includes the promotion of ecotourism, a form of sustainable tourism within a natural and cultural heritage area where community participation, protection and management of natural resources, culture, and indigenous knowledge and practices, environmental education and ethics as well as economic benefits are fostered and pursued for the enrichment of host communities and satisfaction of visitors.
Finally, the PBSAP recognizes that promoting sustainable consumption requires a shift in attitudes and behavior among individuals and communities. As such, it includes measures aimed at enhancing public awareness and education on the importance of biodiversity and the need for sustainable consumption patterns. This includes the development of educational programs, public campaigns, and the promotion of sustainable lifestyle practices.