Financial support for development of sustainable urban transport by Operational Programme "Regions in Growth" 2014-2020
The goal of the financial support provided by Operational Programme "Regions in Growth" 2014-2020 (co-financed by the European Structural and Investment Funs of the EU and the state budget) for developing sustainable urban public transport is to be improved the living and environmental conditions in cities. Funding is provided for: • Development of traffic management plans and establishment of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), including automated traffic management and control systems, vehicle detection and localization systems and ensuring an advantage for the vehicles of the urban public transport, systems for information to passengers in real time, automated ticketing systems, communication sub-systems, video surveillance systems to be used by the urban mobility centers, etc. • Improvement of the accessibility of the stations of urban public transport and the infrastructure leading to them (underpasses and overpasses), such as platforms and elevators for people with disabilities, removing the orientation and information barriers, light and audio announcements on stops, clear visualization of the lines and timetables, readable and appropriate information for people with impaired vision and for the blind, etc. • Renovation of the transport infrastructure, such as the socket and catenary cable network, improving stations and stops, depots, repair and maintenance facilities and equipment. • Development of infrastructure and route network with new destinations to remote residential areas. • Provision of noise-reduction systems, such as construction of tram tracks with anti-vibration and anti-noise elements. • Development and improvement of urban public transport systems, incl. purchase of new rolling stock for urban transport, that is compliant with the European legislation on harmful emissions from engines and measures to increase the use of renewable/alternative energy sources in urban transport. • Construction/renovation/reconstruction of street networks and transport infrastructure together with the adjoining structures (bridges, tunnels, overpasses, underpasses, etc., as elements of the technical infrastructure) regarding the development of an integrated public transport system. • Construction/reconstruction/renovation of pedestrian streets, sidewalks and pedestrian areas, cycling tracks and lanes, bicycle parking lots, underpasses, overpasses, transport infrastructure, including related activities such as installation of road signs, information boards, street marking etc., as part of the integrated urban transport system. • Improving the connections between integrated urban transport, intercity bus, rail, air, inland waterways and marine transport, as part of realization of intermodal transportations – renovation of municipal bus stations and relevant areas in front of the stations owned by municipalities, stops for the public transport, ensuring easy transfer to the subsequent type of transport and logical connections between the elements of infrastructure, etc. • Construction/reconstruction/renovation of parking spaces and other measures related to parking arrangements in proximity to public urban transport nodes outside the city center. Interventions are implemented on the entire territory of the 39 big and medium cities, including functional links with neighboring settlements, which represent part of the public urban transport system and are included in the integrated sustainable urban transport project. Eligible beneficiaries are urban authorities (municipalities) of large and medium cities, bodies implementing financial instruments, municipal companies for public transport.
The focus is mainly on more efficient and quick public transport which is less energy intensive, more accessible secondary infrastructure of public transport networks and introducing clean types of urban transport. Integrated and sustainable urban transport has important contribution for the sustainable urban development, based on the principles: improvement of the environment, energy efficiency, connectivity and accessibility, safety and security. Lower levels of pollution that do not have a harmful impact on human health and on nature itself will be ensured. On the other hand, the improvement of the urban transport systems through the implementation of horizontal projects throughout the cities and promoting multimodal transport will lead to improved connectivity of the separate urban areas and its periphery and to facilitate the mobility of the population. The support for urban public transport aims to increase the travels with urban transport and to reduce traffic, because, from the transport sector, a most significant contribution to greenhouse gas emissions have passenger private cars, followed by heavy load vehicles. In addition, for deterioration of the environment contribute the more intensive movement and use of personal cars, as well as the amortized transport infrastructure, including the vehicle fleet of carriers serving the urban public transport. The implementation of activities shall aim to promote multimodal sustainable urban mobility by creating opportunities for alternative forms of transport and their proper combination, including public transport, cycling, walking, connections with other modes of transport. The measures to improve the accessibility of the environment, incl. in vehicles will contribute to social inclusion of disadvantaged people. In this way, the investments will contribute to the overall improvement of the quality of live in cities and will promote people's mobility as a factor for sustainable and inclusive growth.