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  • Published on February 11, 2021
The Country Strategy Paper (CSP) 2019-2023 is the product of a joint consultation process between the Governments of Malawi and Flanders which resulted in a commitment for continued collaboration in the agricultural sector, on extension services, market-oriented farming and sustainable land management in Malawi. Specific attention goes towards ensuring equal opportunities for women and youth to participate in the sector, and to support the ongoing decentralization process. The CSP 2019-2023 is aligned with the Government of Malawi's major policies, and related subjects such as decentralization, land management and trade. The CSP 2019- 2023 is equally in line with the policy on development cooperation of the Government of Flanders. The strategy paper contributes to the realization of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Government of Flanders strives to contribute to a democratic and prospering world, in close collaboration with its international partners. For this reason, Flanders' overall development cooperation objective is to reduce poverty and support developing countries to make sustainable socio-economic progress. In line with the Agenda 2030, Flanders designed its own vision and approach (2016) to effectively contribute to the SDGs. Flanders' international cooperation invests in global, sustainable development, leaving no one behind. To achieve welfare and equitable prosperity within the carrying capacity of our planet. Flanders encourages innovation, makes use of a systems approach and puts partnerships at the center of its activities. Flanders considers good governance, respect for human rights and equal opportunities for men and women as prerequisites for sustainable global development. Flanders will contribute to the transformation of the agricultural sector of Malawi, as stipulated in national policies. Consequently, poor productive farmers, with specific attention to women and youth, will be able to increase, diversify and commercialize their agricultural production in a sustainable way. They will be able to participate in inclusive markets and achieve better income statuses as well as better, resilient livelihoods.
For the majority of the African people, the revenues from agriculture are still the main source of income and livelihood. Agriculture not only provides families with food, but also generates revenues from the marketing of crops. There is growing awareness in Flanders and in Africa to invest in sustainable agricultural production and healthy food. In Malawi, Flanders supports the agricultural extension services who advise farmers on how they can increase their production and invest sustainable production and consumption patterns . In addition, these services give advice on the production of various crops that are resistant to the frequently recurring droughts, and on marketing. Together with other development partners, Flanders finances initiatives of the Ministry for Agriculture, multilateral organizations, non-governmental actors and farmers' organizations. It offers additional incentives for innovative initiatives in agriculture which take the consequences of global warming into account. Although women do most of the work in agriculture, they still have insufficient access to agricultural extension services and agricultural inputs. Again, Flanders wants to change this situation in collaboration with its partners. Several regions in Malawi suffer substantial soil losses. Reversing soil degradation can be addressed by the wide application of sustainable land management practices, which is one of the four pillars of this country strategy paper. The productivity and sustainability of land-use systems is determined by the interaction between land resources, climate and human activities. In view of climate change and variability, selecting the right land uses for given biophysical and socio-economic conditions, and implementing sustainable land management, are essential for minimizing land degradation, rehabilitating degraded land, ensuring the sustainable use of land resources and maximizing resilience.

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