As a main driver of Montenegro’s economic growth and investment, the tourism sector is responsible (directly and indirectly) for the large share of GHG emissions from the transport, accommodation and other tourism-related activities.

According to Montenegro’s Initial National Communication (INC) to UNFCCC, in the business-as-usual scenario Montenegro’s GHG emissions will rise by 40% in 2020 above 1990 baseline. By contributing to over third of GDP and a half of capital investment in infrastructure, the tourism sector will inevitably be an important, if not the leading, factor in a projected GHG emissions increase.

Implemented in

  • Europe and Central Asia
  • Montenegro

Sector of activity

Type of initiative
Capacity Building & Implementation, Policy Frameworks & Tools

Type of lead actor
United Nations / intergovernmental organizations

Start date


Main project objective is to reduce GHG emissions from Montenegro’s tourism by:

(1) promoting adoption of low-carbon policies and regulation,
(2) establishing sustainable financing mechanisms, and
(3) supporting design and implementation of flagship investment in low-carbon tourism infrastructure


As collected through the One Planet Reporting

No activities have yet been reported under this initiative

Impact and Results

Expected outcomes:

(1) Energy savings realized from investment in energy efficiency and renewable energy in tourism facilities and municipalities in Kotor Bay resulting in: energy saving by 2,000MWh/year and 2,600 MWh/year of RES-based energy produced.

(2) Increased use of public transport in coastal areas; Increased average speed of transit and reduced traffic jams on the coastal roads; Reduced fuel use and GHG emissions from road transport in Kotor bay along the 107 km coastline.

(3) Carbon offset program for tourists, hotels, rent-a-car and other industry stakeholders designed, independently validated, and operational; Other suitable financial mechanisms analyzed and adopted as appropriate (e.g. airlines carbon tax, penalties for non-compliance with green standards, credited NAMAs in tourism sector, etc); Tourism Climate Fund established and capitalized from the proceeds of the offset project.

(4) Accurate measurement and accounting of GHG emission baseline and reductions from mitigation actions in the tourism sector; Awareness raised among tourists and tourism industry stakeholders about sector’s carbon footprint, GHG reduction potential and measures.