Green public procurement is implemented in accordance with the Act on Promotion of Purchase of Green Products in 2005. The government agencies are obliged by the Act to submit an implementation plan on green purchase of the year and the performance records of the previous year to the Ministry of Environment (MoE) at the beginning of each year.

Screenshot of Green Procurement Information Platform

Implemented in

  • Asia / Pacific
  • Korea, Republic of

Sector of activity
Public Procurement

Type of initiative
Capacity Building & Implementation, Education & Awareness Raising, Policy Frameworks & Tools

Type of lead actor
Government / public sector

Budget
180000 US$

Start date
01/12/2015

Shared by

Hyunju Lee

Associate Researcher

Korea Environmental Industry & Technology Institute

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Objectives

Green public procurement in Korea was introduced under the Act on Development and Support of Environmental Technology of 1994. The government agencies – i.e. central and local governments and public organizations were recommended to preferentially purchase products awarded the Korea Eco-label or Good Recycled Mark.

The green public procurement took a more concrete form when the government introduced an Act on Promotion of Purchase of Green Products in 2005. The government agencies are obliged by the Act to submit an implementation plan on green purchase of the year and the performance records of the previous year to the Ministry of Environment (MoE) at the beginning of each year.

This Act was an initiative of the Ministry of Environment (MoE), with the objective to “prevent wasteful use of resources and environmental pollution, thereby contributing to sustainable developments by promoting the purchase of green products”.

No quantitative target is set at the national level. Each institution is required to set a voluntary target for green purchases and submit it with a GPP implementation plan. According to Article 15 (Delegation or Entrustment of Authority) of the Enforcement Decree of the Act on Promotion of Purchase of Green Products, target public institutions are obliged to prepare and submit to KEITI a plan and performance report for green purchases.

The plan and records include both the total purchase amount and the amount of green purchases in the corresponding year. The plan shall be submitted within two months from the start of the fiscal year while the performance report shall be compiled and submitted to KEITI within three months from the end of the fiscal year. The submitted plan is made public on the website of each institution after approval from KEITI. The institution shall then report to KEITI if it has published the plan.

Activities

As collected through the One Planet Reporting

Outcome level

Policy instrument for SCP

  • Green Public Procurement of Republic of Korea

Impact and Results

In Korea, environmental benefits of GPP are estimated from the amount of green products purchase and expressed in two different ways.

First, overall environmental benefits are calculated by comparing impact reduction for proxy eco-labelled products (134 product categories) with conventional products. Due to lack of data, only 10 environmental characteristics/parameters are considered including reduction of toxic substances; recycling of resources; energy saving; low noise; eco-design; reduction of ecosystem toxicity; resource saving; reduction of indoor air pollutants; reduction of outdoor air pollutants; reduction of human toxicity.

Second, CO2 equivalent reduction is calculated by comparing CO2 equivalent emissions for proxy eco-labelled products (19 product categories) with conventional products.

Economic benefits are calculated based on the costs of environmental parameters mentioned above.

Job creation is calculated from the expenditure on green products and based on a figure provided by the Bank of Korea (the employment inducement coefficient – nº of persons/won expend). This indicator is used to demonstrate the relationship between expenditures on green public procurement over time with number of jobs created.

Next steps and how to get involved

• Strategically expand the scope of eco-labeled products by analyzing product groups among the goods in high demand by the PPS
• Improve the GPP monitoring system by linking accounting system of each public institution to the Green Procurement Information Platform.
• Encourage to designate green procurement officials in each public institution, and offer them more intensive and extensive specialized training.
• Provide networking opportunities between manufacturers and procurers in order to facilitate understanding on the needs of procurers as well as green products
• Improve methodologies to evaluate sustainability impacts of the GPP and communicate the benefits of GPP to public
• Develop and expand incentives for outstanding green procurement agencies and staff