This study introduces and develops an approach to establishing lifestyle carbon footprints: greenhouse gases directly emitted during and indirectly induced by household consumption. The per-capita targets of lifestyle carbon footprints by 2030-2050 are established, the gaps between the current footprint and targets were examined by case studies on Finland and Japan, in addition to China, Brazil, and India. and various options for reducing lifestyle carbon footprints are evaluated.

Implemented in

  • Africa
  • Asia / Pacific
  • Europe and Central Asia
  • Latin America / Caribbean
  • Middle East
  • North America


Sectors of activity
Agricultural and Fishery, Buildings and construction, Energy

Type of initiative
Research, Analysis, Assessment

Type of lead actor
Scientific and Technical

Start date

End date


- To establish per-capita targets of lifestyle carbon footprints in compatible with the 1.5-degree target of the Paris Agreement
- To estimate the current footprint of the case study countries and understand the gaps
- To examine the low-carbon lifestyle options and highlight the potential contribution of low-carbon options for reducing lifestyle carbon footprints


As collected through the One Planet Reporting

Output level

Knowledge resource and technical tool

  • Technical Report "1.5-Degree Lifestyles: Targets and options for reducing lifestyle carbon footprints"
  • A Journal Paper "Carbon Footprints and Consumer Lifestyles: An Analysis of Lifestyle Factors and Gap Analysis by Consumer Segment in Japan"
  • Technicqal Report "1.5 ASTEENELÄMÄNT AVAT Miten voimme pienentää hiilijalanjälkemme ilmastotavoitteiden mukaiseksi?"

Outreach and communication for SCP

  • Media Seminar Presentaion on 1.5-degree Lifestyles
  • Joint Press Release "Addressing climate change will require radical changes in lifestyles: new report by international consortium of research institutes"
  • Press Conference at World Resources Forum (WRF) in Antwerp on 1.5-degree Lifestyles

Training for SCP

  • Joint training on low-carbon lifestyles and consumer behavior change by Japan Center for Climate Change Actions (JCCCA)

Impact and Results

- The per-capita targets of lifestyle carbon footprints were established
- The current lifestyle carbon footprints in case countries were estimated and the gaps and hot-spots were identified
- The low-carbon options were evaluated and the aggregated impacts of options were estimated