Published in 2015 by
  • UNEP/SPP Task force/10YFP SPP Programme Partners
Available in:
  • English
10 YFP
Sustainable Public Procurement

Indoor air quality, thermal comfort and daylight - An analysis of residential building regulations in 8 Member States

This report about indoor air quality (IAQ), thermal comfort and daylight requirements in selected Member States addresses a range of topics increasingly important for European buildings and their inhabitants.

The overall aim of the report is to provide an overview of the regulatory framework for IAQ, thermal comfort and daylight, and to highlight the importance of having appropriate requirements for thermal comfort, ventilation and daylight conditions. The report provides concluding recommendations for further policy development relevant for indoor climate.

The assessment focuses on the respective building codes for new and existing residential buildings in selected MS: Belgium (Brussels Region), Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Sweden and the UK (England and Wales).

A critical and comparative evaluation is provided whilst best practice approaches are highlighted.

Between 30 to 50% of excess winter deaths can be attributed to cold indoor temperatures, demonstrating the importance of thermal comfort and its link to fuel poverty. Key aspects to ensure good conditions for building occupants include thermal comfort, indoor air quality and daylight. Despite these links, the requirements for indoor air quality and thermal comfort are not comprehensive and clear enough in the eight surveyed countries. BPIE identified gaps in regulation to ensure that European citizens live in highly efficient, healthy, comfortable and well lit buildings. Considering that people spend 60 to 90% of their life in buildings, the subject should get a prominent space in legislation.

At the EU level, while indoor climate is mentioned in the EPBD, the importance of indoor air quality, thermal comfort and daylight has to be strengthened in a future recast. These aspects could be integrated in the Energy Performance Certification process as relevant information of the actual living conditions in the building. The co-benefits of thermal comfort and a healthy indoor environment should be taken into account when assessing the macroeconomic impact of energy renovation measures (e.g. reduction of health service costs). Such requirements should also be reflected in national renovation strategies as developed under articles 4 and 5 of the Energy Efficiency Directive.

Published in 2015 by
  • Buildings Performance Institute Europe
Available in:
  • English
Published in 2015 by
  • CCAFS & CTA
Available in:
  • English
Published in 2011 by
  • Ministério do Meio Ambiente - MMA
Available in:
  • Portuguese
Published in 2014 by
  • UNEP
Available in:
  • English
Published in 2015 by
  • Nordic Cooperation
Available in:
  • English
Published in 2014 by
  • Nordic Cooperation
Available in:
  • English
Published in 2014 by
  • Nordic Cooperation
Available in:
  • English
Published in 2014 by
  • Nordic Cooperation
Available in:
  • English
Published in 2014 by
  • Nordic Cooperation
Available in:
  • English
Published in 2014 by
  • Nordic Cooperation
Available in:
  • English
Published in 2015 by
  • Sustainable Purchasing Leadership Council
Available in:
  • English
10 YFP
Sustainable Public Procurement
Published in 2015 by
  • Sustainable Purchasing Leadership Council (SPLC)
Available in:
  • English
10 YFP
Sustainable Public Procurement
Published in 2014 by
  • 75 different authors
Available in:
  • English
Published in 2015 by
  • American Chemical Society (with contributions from authors representing several organizations)
Available in:
  • English
Published in 2015 by
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Available in:
  • English
  • French
10 YFP
Sustainable Public Procurement
Published in 2013 by
  • Sachin Joshi, Dennis Pamlin
Available in:
  • English
Published in 2012 by
  • UNDP
Available in:
  • English
10 YFP
Sustainable Public Procurement
Published in 2011 by
  • UNDP
Available in:
  • English
Published in 2014 by
  • Kusamala Institute of Agriculture & Ecology
Available in:
  • English
Published in 2014 by
  • Oksana Mont, Matthias Lehner and Eva Heiskanen (Swedish Environmental Protection Agency)
Available in:
  • English
10 YFP
Sustainable Public Procurement
Published in 2012 by
  • UNEP
Available in:
  • English
  • Spanish
  • Russian
  • French
10 YFP
Sustainable Public Procurement

Policy Handbook for Sustainable Consumption and Production of Korea

The Policy Handbook for Sustainable Consumption and Production of Korea is comprised of two sections.
The first section is Policy Handbook, which is divided into three parts, namely Consumer Information; Sustainable
Consumption and Lifestyle; and Sustainable Business.

Each part contains various policy instruments with detailed
and practical guide elaborating basic concept, policy goals, legal basis, major milestones, working mechanism,
implementing procedure, strength, challenges, major outcomes and future plans for improvement of the policy. At the
end of each policy section, information documents and online website are listed for further reference for readers.

Part 1 incorporates Korea Eco-labeling, Carbon Footprint Labeling, Green Building Certification, and Green Store
Certification, which aim to provide information on environmental performances and/or eco-friendliness of
products, building and retail store so that consumers can make an informed decision.

Part 2 encompasses policy instruments and activities, including Green Public Procurement, Green Credit Card, and
ECO-EXPO KOREA, designed to stimulate and incentivize sustainable consumption and lifestyle.

Part 3 includes policy instruments and incentives such as Eco-Business Award, GREEN-UP, and Eco-Design Program
that promote sustainable business practices.

The second section, included in the extended version of the Policy Handbook, provides laws, regulations, and
guidelines that underpin the respective policies described in the Policy Handbook as follows:

Sustainable Consumption and Production in General
Act and Enforcement Decree on Promotion of Purchase of Green Products

Korea Eco-labeling
Operational Rule of the Korea Eco-labeling

Carbon Footprint Labeling
Guideline for Carbon Footprint of Products; Regulation on the Operational Procedure of Carbon Footprint Labeling

Green Building Certification
Act on Support for the Establishment of Green Buildings; Regulation on Green Building Certification

Green Credit Card
Guideline for the Operation of the Green Credit Card System

Green Store Certification
Regulation on Operational Process for Green Store Certification

Published in 2014 by
  • Korea Environmental Industry and Technology Institute (KEITI)
Available in:
  • English
10 YFP
Sustainable Public Procurement
Published in 2015 by
  • Sustainable Purchasing Leadership Council (SPLC)
Available in:
  • English
10 YFP
Sustainable Public Procurement
Published in 2008 by
  • ISEAL Alliance
Available in:
  • English
10 YFP
Sustainable Public Procurement
Published in 2014 by
  • Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente
Available in:
  • Spanish

Fostering Low-Emission Rural Development From the Ground UP

No Silver Bullets: Corporate and national government commitments to reduce deforestation are extremely difficult to implement on the ground. Governments, businesses, farmers, communities and civil society must be at the table to drive the transition to low-emission rural development (LED-R).

Many Jurisdictions Still Lack Performance Targets and Reference Levels: Acre and Mato Grosso, Brazil and Chiapas, Mexico are important exceptions.

Lack of Alignment Across Policies & Initiatives:
Many policies and initiatives that influence land- user decisions are still at odds with one another. Multi-stakeholder dialogues can broaden support for shared regional performance reference levels and milestones, especially if the incentives
for achieving those milestones are part of the discussion.

REDD Finance has Not Reached Most Jurisdictions: REDD finance has been slow to reach subnational jurisdictions, with important exceptions. Incentives for supporting LED-R must also be found in domestic policies and programs.

Performance-Based Incentives Could Play Critical Role: Be they financial, regulatory or contractual, these incentives systems can reward performance at the farm and jurisdictional level, pushing progress towards time-bound performance milestones.

Forest Monitoring Weak Outside of Brazil: Most nations have developed forest monitoring systems, but only Brazil makes reliable, annual maps of new deforestation available on the internet. Others could follow soon.

• Land Rights Advanced in Latin America and Progressing in Indonesia: Legal protection of indigenous and community rights to land is more advanced in Latin America. However, in Indonesia a recent Constitutional Court decision on customary land rights provides a foundation for progress. Border defense is usually still the communities' responsibility.

• Smallholders Neglected: Small-scale farmers are generally excluded from LED-R processes. With numerous small landholdings, usually without formal land titles, it is more difficult to include them in supply chain initiatives, support them through rural extension, or finance them through credit programs.

• Multi-Stakeholder Dialogues Patchy: Several regions have multi-stakeholder processes underway, while some are just beginning. Indigenous people and smallholders generally have less decision-making power than governments and private sector actors, such as large-scale farmers and financers.

Published in 2014 by
  • Earth Innovation Institute
Available in:
  • English
Published in 2012 by
  • WWF-UK and Proforest
Available in:
  • English
Published in 2013 by
  • Duncan Brack, Rob Bailey, Chatham House (The Royal Institute of International Affairs)
Available in:
  • English